Environmental Clearance Infrastructure A practical approach

Environmental Clearance Infrastructure A practical approach

Environmental Clearance Infrastructure A Practical Approach

Environmental Clearances in Infrastructure projects in India traditionally owned and managed by the Govt. or their agencies. Infra projects are highly capital intensive

Introduction
  • Govt. Environment Authorities & Organizations 
  • Role of various Authorities / Agencies
  • Various Acts / Statutes / Rules 
  • Environment Protection Acts 1986 & Amendments
  • Forest Acts / Notification / Rules / Authorities
  • Environment Impact Assessment Notification / Rules
  • Procedure for obtaining EC / FC 
  • Salient features of EIA / EMP / DMP
  • T&C of EC / FC and their compliance
  • Climate & Sustainable Development  - GHG & Oz Depleting 
  • Glimpse on Carbon Trading Activities
  • Bhopal Accident – What went wrong
  • Case Studies
  • The way ahead
Infrastructure Projects Today’s Sun Rise Sector
  • Infrastructure is the basic physical & organizational structure necessary for the growth of the economy.
  • Typically refers to the structures that support society & industries such as Electricity, water supply, transportation etc.
  • Infrastructure projects in India traditionally owned and managed by the Govt. or their agencies.
  • Infra projects are highly capital intensive, involve huge sunk capital and long operating life.
  • Given the massive investment and organizational requirement, private sector participation is being encouraged by the Govt.

The Infrastructure Sector

Core Sector

Energy (Power, Oil & Gas Pipelines, Nonconventional Energy), Transportation (Highways, Railways, Ports, Airports, Waterways)
Telecom (Telephone,  Internet,  Radio  & TV,  Postal Services)

Urban Sector

Mass Rapid Transportation (MRT, Mono Rail, City Bus)
City Roads, Hospitals, Education.
Water Supply & Wastewater treatment facilities
Car Parking, Parks, 
Solid Waste Management

Commercial & Industrial
Industrial Estates
SEZs
IT Parks
Social
Housing & Townships
Tourism & Hospitality
Education & Healthcare

Rural
Roads, Irrigation
Water Supply & Sanitation
Education & Health 

Highways Sector:
Ambitious National Highway Development Project (NHDP)
Six-lane of 19000 km of NH
 4-lane of 20000 km State Highways
Two-lane of  25000 km other roads.
PPP is very successful with BOT, DBFOT etc. models
100% FDI allowed, 100% I-T exemption for 10 years
Grants of VGF, subsidies available
Various soft loan facilities from ADB, WB, IIFCL are available.
Annual Growth expected – 12-15% of road traffic.

Airport Sector:
  • All 125 airport in the country operated by AAI.
  • New Airports at Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore & Kochi are developed under PPP.
  • 12 small Airport are allotted for expansion by Reliance Infra.
  • Modernisation of metro airports at Chennai, Kolkata 
  • Greenfield airports planned in Goa, Pune, Navi Mumbai, Greater Noida and Kannur.
Port Sector:
  • 70% of the traffic at major ports by volume is dry and liquid bulk.
  • 12 major ports and 187 minor ports along 7,517 km long coastline
  • 11 major ports run by Port Trusts while the port at Ennore is a corporation under the Central Government.
Opportunities in Infra Sector

Railways Sector:
  • Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd.
  • Total Investment Rs. 45000 cr,   To be commissioned by 2017
  • Western Corridor – Delhi Mumbai  - 1500 km
  • Eastern Corridor – Ludhiana to Kolkata – 1840 km
  • Development of Industrial belt around both the corridors with Investment of Rs. 50000 cr.
  • GQ and N-S / E-W are also planned
  • The major development in MRTs about 2000 km in cities.
International Financing Agencies
  • World Bank
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
  • International Development Association (IDA)
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
  • International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
  • Asian Development Bank
  • Bilateral Financing Institutions
  • JICA, KFW etc.
The norms and guidelines  the Lending Institution is to be followed by the borrower for procurement of Works / Services

Major Industrial Sectors

Oil & Gas Exploration
Petroleum Refineries & Petrochemicals
Chemicals & Fertilizers
Basic Metals (Steel, Aluminum, Copper)
Cement & products
Textiles & garment
Heavy Engineering
Automobiles & Accessories
Engineering industries
Agro-based Industries 
Electricals & Electronics
Bulk Drugs & Pharmaceuticals
 
 

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