Petrochemicals Sector India Growth Initiative


Petrochemicals Sector India Growth Initiative

Petrochemical Industry Sectors in India | Petroleum Companies in India | Oil & Gas training in India | Petrochemical industry training in Mumbai India

What are Petrochemicals?

Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from petroleum, also called petroleum distillates.
Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, or renewable sources such as corn or sugar cane.
The two most common petrochemicals are olefins (including ethylene and propylene) and aromatics (including benzene, toluene and xylene isomers). Chemical plants produce olefins by steam cracking of natural gas liquids like ethane and propane. Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Aromatics are produced by catalytic reforming of naphtha. Olefins and aromatics are the two building blocks for a wide range of materials such as solvents, detergents, and adhesives. The top petrochemical companies in India are Reliance Industries Ltd, Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd, Indian Oil Corporation, Gail and so on. 
Depending on their chemical structure petrochemicals are divided into three groups:-
  • Olefins include ethylene, propylene, and butadiene. Ethylene and propylene are important sources of industrial chemicals and plastics products. Butadiene is used in making synthetic rubber.
  • Aromatics include benzene, toluene, and xylenes. Benzene is a raw material for dyes and synthetic detergents, and benzene and toluene for isocyanates MDI and TDI used in making polyurethanes. Manufacturers use xylenes to produce plastics and synthetic fibers.
  • Synthesis gas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen used to make ammonia and methanol. Ammonia is used to make the fertilizer urea and methanol is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.
  • The prefix "petro" is an abbreviation of the word "petroleum" since "petro" is Ancient Greek for "rock" and "oleum" means "oil"
Source of Petrochemicals
  • methane, ethanebutane, propane are primarily obtained from natural gas processing plants.
  • naphtha is obtained from petroleum refineries.
  • Benzene, toluene, and xylenes, as a whole referred to as BTX and primarily obtained from petroleum refineries by extraction from the reformate produced in catalytic reformers.
  • Gas is obtained from petroleum refineries
Industry Description and Practices
Natural gas and crude distillates such as naphtha from petroleum refining are used as feed-stocks to manufacture a  wide variety of petrochemicals that are in turn used in the manufacture of consumer goods.  The description of petrochemical processes and products presented here is for illustrative purposes only.  The basic petrochemicals manufactured by cracking,  re-forming and other processes include olefins (such as ethylene, propylene,  butylenes,  and butadiene) and aromatics (such as benzene, toluene, and xylenes). The capacity of naphtha crackers is generally of the order of 250,000–750,000 metric tons per year (tpy) of ethylene production.
Some petrochemical plants also have alcohol and oxo-compound manufacturing units on site. The base petrochemicals or products derived from them,  along with other raw materials, are converted to a wide range of products. Among them are:
  • Resins and plastics such as low-density polyethylene  (LDPE),  high-density  polyethylene (HDPE),  linear  low-density  polyethylene (LLDPE),  polypropylene,  polystyrene,  and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
  • Synthetic fibers such as polyester and acrylic
  • Engineering  polymers  such  as  acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
  • Rubbers,  including  styrene  butadiene  rubber (SBR) and polybutadiene rubber (PBR)
  • Solvents
  • Industrial chemicals,  including those used for the manufacture of detergents such as linear alkyl benzene (LAB) and of coatings, dyestuffs,  agrochemicals,  pharmaceuticals,  and explosives. A number of alternative methods for manufacturing the desired products are available. Details on typical processes and products are provided in the Annex.
Marcep Inc. focus is to deliver initiatives and activities which ensure a competent and safe workforce training for the industry both now and in the future. these are some training which we have conducted successfully for petrochemical sectors in India. oil & gas training courses from Marcep Inc. focus on knowledgeable and practical training solutions for the oil and gas industry.
Petrochemical Industry Sectors in India | Petroleum Companies in India | Oil & Gas training in India | Petrochemical industry training in Mumbai India

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